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‘Sensitive skin’ is a term used to describe skin that has a reduced tolerance to the application of products. Sensitivity, and the facial redness it can lead to, is often a result of a weakened surface layer of skin but can also be associated with changes in the capillaries caused by sun damage.

The cause

What causes Sensitivity & Facial Redness?

There are many trigger factors that can cause an impaired skin barrier, including:

  • Diet
  • Climatic conditions - heat, cold, low humidity
  • Stress – which impairs lipid bilayer formation
  • Over cleansing and under moisturising
  • Using incorrect skin care products or professional treatments
  • Photoageing

How does weakness in the skin's surface layer cause redness?

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  1. Lipids in the skin are disrupted by one of the above factors.
  2. The integrity of the surface layer is compromised, enabling irritation of the skin.
  3. Irritation of the skin causes an inflammatory response, which is expressed as redness and sensitivity.

How does photoageing lead to redness?

  • Free radical damage from the sun thins the skin making it easier to see the underlying blood vessels.
  • The sun injures the skin stimulating natural wound healing. This process triggers the development of more blood vessels, which also contributes to redness.
  • The sun also causes new and existing blood vessels to become twisted and dilated leading to more redness.

Photoaged skin

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  1. Blotchy pigmentation appears.
  2. Fine lines & wrinkles appear.
  3. Dermis becomes thinner and dermal matrix is broken down.
  4. Blood vessels (capillaries) become contorted & enlarged giving the appearance of redness.

Our Approach

How to calm facial redness

  • Protect your skin from sun exposure every day with a UV Protective Moisturiser.
  • Apply topical products that provide support to the surface layers (lipid shield) of the skin.
  • Book a skin consultation to allow a qualified skin therapist to thoroughly examine your skin and decide on an action plan to treat your sensitive skin without causing further irritation.
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