‘Sensitive skin’ is a term used to describe skin that has a reduced tolerance to the application of products. Sensitivity, and the facial redness it can lead to, is often a result of a weakened surface layer of skin but can also be associated with changes in the capillaries caused by sun damage.
What causes Sensitivity & Facial Redness?
There are many trigger factors that can cause an impaired skin barrier, including:
- Climatic conditions - heat, cold, low humidity
- Stress – which impairs lipid bilayer formation
- Over cleansing and under moisturising
- Using incorrect skin care products or professional treatments
How does weakness in the skin's surface layer cause redness?
- Lipids in the skin are disrupted by one of the above factors.
- The integrity of the surface layer is compromised, enabling irritation of the skin.
- Irritation of the skin causes an inflammatory response, which is expressed as redness and sensitivity.
How does photoageing lead to redness?
- Free radical damage from the sun thins the skin making it easier to see the underlying blood vessels.
- The sun injures the skin stimulating natural wound healing. This process triggers the development of more blood vessels, which also contributes to redness.
- The sun also causes new and existing blood vessels to become twisted and dilated leading to more redness.
- Blotchy pigmentation appears.
- Fine lines & wrinkles appear.
- Dermis becomes thinner and dermal matrix is broken down.
- Blood vessels (capillaries) become contorted & enlarged giving the appearance of redness.
How to calm facial redness
- Protect your skin from sun exposure every day with a UV Protective Moisturiser.
- Apply topical products that provide support to the surface layers (lipid shield) of the skin.
- Book a skin consultation to allow a qualified skin therapist to thoroughly examine your skin and decide on an action plan to treat your sensitive skin without causing further irritation.