Fine lines or ‘expression lines’ form along the lines that are created when we smile or frown. As the skin thins and starts to age, fine lines become permanent and appear deeper over time. Wrinkles are deeper lines in the face that occur over time, caused by the ageing of the skin.
How are fine lines & wrinkles formed?
Our skin consists of three layers – the epidermis (the outer layer), the dermis (the complex middle layer) and the hypodermis (which lies beneath the dermis). Inside the dermis is the dermal matrix, which contains collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. The dermis is what gives the skin with its structural framework and elasticity.
- Collagen is what gives our skin strength and structure, and is constructed of strands of procollagen (fibrils) that twist around each other like a rope.
- Elastin is the protein in the body’s connective tissue that provides our skin with elasticity. Elastin strands form a web-like structure within the dermal matrix, allowing tissues to resume their shape after stretching or contracting.
As skin ages, the fibroblast cells responsible for the synthesis of collagen and elastin within the dermal matrix, start to decrease and can become dysfunctional. As these collagen and elastin fibres degrade, skin becomes thinner, drier (as less hyaluronic acid is produced in the skin) and less elastic, resulting in a loss of its youthful lustre.
What causes the skin to age?
Skin ageing can be influenced by both intrinsic factors which occur naturally, such as the passing of time, genetics, metabolic processes and hormones, and extrinsic or environmental aggressors such as UV radiation, smoking, air pollution, diet, stress and sleep deprivation.
The main factor contributing to premature skin ageing is the exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun and as a result, photoageing occurs. Photoageing damages the structure of collagen and elastin fibres due to oxidative stress, causing them to become thinner and more irregular.
How to treat fine lines & wrinkles
- Protect your skin from sun exposure every day with a Daily UV Protective Moisturiser
- Ensure you’re getting an adequate amount of sleep every night.
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- Apply topical Vitamin A products.
- Book in for regular professional skin treatments which can help to smooth, plump and retexturise the skin, and stimulate the skins’ own renewal of collagen and elastin levels.
Key Ingredient Spotlight: Retinol
Retinol (Vitamin A) has been scientifically proven to be the most effective ingredient for improving the signs of skin ageing. The main benefits are:
- Refines - increasing cell turnover.
- Plumps - Increases collagen synthesis and epidermal thickness.
- Perfects – Regulates oil secretion.
By increasing cell turn over, Retinol can help the skin’s surface to appear more refined. This skin renewal action makes Retinol ideal to tackle other key skin concerns such as age spots, acne and photodamaged skin.Studies show that one of the main ways in which retinol works is by inducing the skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid within the dermal layer of the skin. Hyaluronic acid is an essential component of the dermal matrix, along with collagen and elastin. As we age, our skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid starts to slow, which attributes to the thinning of the dermal matrix.
Hyaluronic acid is a water-binding molecule that works within the dermal matrix to help plump out the dermis and repair thesignsofphotoageing such as thinning of the skin. As a result of skin plumping, the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the skin’s surface are decreased.
The Ultraceuticals difference is in the delivery of pure Vitamin A (Retinol) - readily absorbed into the skin and working even harder.
Retinol might be a superstar ingredient for the skin but it is also difficult to be stabilised to maintain optimal potency until usage.
Developed by in-house expert research chemists, Ultraceuticals takes great pride in its pure Vitamin A products powered by Ultra-Reti™ microparticle technology for effective stabilisation and delivery of Retinol to the skin. Ultra-Reti™ microparticles are formed by encapsulating pure Vitamin A (Retinol) into a soft wax base which is readily absorbed into the skin.
This incredible system means more particles than ever before are able to penetrate faster and more effectively thanks to a higher loading capacity. With empowered Retinol technology, this star performing range can work even harder for your skin to deliver real visible results.
Airless pump packaging further guarantees ingredient stability and potency for enhanced penetration.
real visible results
Ultra A Skin Perfecting Serum NEW & IMPROVED
Penetrating faster and deeper into the skin, Ultra Reti™ technology delivers improved results across a range of skin concerns. Result may vary depending on individual skin conditions.
Shop products for fine lines & wrinkles
The Ultra A Skin Perfecting Range features our exclusive Ultra-RETI™ advanced retinol stabilisation and delivery technology to significantly plump and visibly diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.Shop Now